BUSINESS ENGLISH

Running a firm of certified public accountants in the United States

Richard runs his own CPA (Certified Public Accountant) firm in the United States. He has been a CPA since 1985 and started his firm in 1989. His company emphasizes helping small and mid-sized companies to grow and establish themselves in the market. He has also helped start-ups with business plans, loan applications and venture capital…

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Elements of Financial Statements

Five phrases have been removed from the text below. Choose the correct phrase for each space (1-5) from the phrases (A-G). There is one phrase that you will not need. 1.17 Elements of financial statements are the basic categories of items portrayed therein in order to meet the objective of financial statements. Two types of…

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An auditors’ report

We have audited the financial statements of XXX plc[1] for the period ended 31 August 2013 which comprise of the Consolidated Statement of Comprehensive Income, the Consolidated Statement of Financial Position, the Consolidated Statement of Changes in Equity, the Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows, the Parent Company Balance Sheet and the related notes. The financial…

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Adopting a Consultative Approach

  When meeting with clients, accountants should develop a consultative approach. This approach allows the accountant to explore the client’s concerns and develop solutions specific to each client’s needs. Taking an approach that focuses on a client’s best interests will enhance the relationship. Becoming more consultative may challenge accountants because it requires resisting the temptation…

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Small firms spend £500m on tax admin each year

Britain’s small business owners spend £500m on keeping on top of burdensome tax administration each year and lose around 12 working days a year as a result, according to new research from the the Federation of Small Businesses (FSB). The UK’s small business community is struggling under the burden of tax admin, the FSB has…

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Conversation between Patrick Clark, reporter for Bloomberg Businessweek, and Bob Durak, AICPA Director

This week the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants announced a new financial reporting “framework” for small and midsize entities. If you like acronyms, and the folks[1] who created the framework do, that’s the AICPA’s FRF for SMEs. If you want a better sense of what the news means for small business owners, here are…

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Domestic Consolidation

Read carefully the text below. Some of the lines are correct, and some have a word that should not be there. If a line is correct, put a tick ( ✓ ) by the number in the column on the right. If a line has a word that should not be there, write the word…

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Depreciation

DEPRECIATION[1] Complete the text by inseting the correct form of the verbs in the box   charge deduct encourage exist increase involve lose convert spread wear out   Fixed assets[2] such as buildings, plant and machinery (but not land) gradually (1)_______ value, because they (2)________ or deacy, or because more modern and efficient versions are…

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How to limit liability for professional negligence

Although it is not possible to guard against every circumstance in which an accountant or auditor may run the danger of incurring liability for professional negligence[1], the following matters should be borne in mind: a) Before carrying out any work for a client, a member should ensure that the exact duties to be performed, and…

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Subsidiaries, branches and tax

Question 1 There are no taxes imposed on the formation of a subsidiary [1]. Question 2 A UK resident subsidiary would pay corporation tax on its worldwide income and gains, whereas a UK branch would be liable to corporation tax only on the items listed in question 3. The charge to UK corporation tax [2]…

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